Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence Evidence from a Survey of Machine Learning Researchers

Machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) researchers play an important role in the ethics and governance of AI . Nevertheless, this influential group’s attitudes are not wellunderstood . We find that AI/ML researchers placehigh levels of trust in international organizations and scientific organizations to shape the development and use of AI in the public interest .…

Gaining Insights on Student Course Selection in Higher Education with Community Detection

Gaining insight into course choices holds significant value for universities, especially those who aim for flexibility in their programs and wish to adapt quickly to changing demands of the job market . We found that course choices diversify as programs progress, meaning that attempting to identify a “typical” student gives less insight than understanding what characterizes course choice diversity .…

Development of digitally obtainable 10 year risk scores for depression and anxiety in the general population

The burden of depression and anxiety in the world is rising . Identification of individuals at increased risk of developing these conditions would help totarget them for prevention and ultimately reduce the healthcare burden . Wedeveloped a 10-year predictive algorithm using thefull cohort of over 400,000 UK Biobank participants without pre-existingdepression or anxiety using digitally obtainable information from the UKBiobank .…

Glance and Gaze Inferring Action aware Points for One Stage Human Object Interaction Detection

Glance and Gaze Network (GGNet) adaptively models a set of actionaware points (ActPoints) via glance and gaze steps . GGNet outperforms state-of-the-art methods by significant margins on both V-COCO and HICODET benchmarks . The project is available in code on GitHub and can be downloaded from the site of Sherlock Holmes’ Holmes’ book, “Sherlock Holmes 221,” “Glance & Gaze Networks,” by Andrew MacIntosh, on November 4, at http://www.gmail.com/SherlockHolmes221/GGNet.…

Multiscale Governance

Humandemics will propagate because of thepathways that connect the different systems and several invariant behaviors and patterns that have emerged globally . Infodemics ofmisinformation can be a risk as it has occurred in the COVID-19 pandemic . Real-time response systems are thebasis for resilience to be the foundation of robust societies .…

VERB Visualizing and Interpreting Bias Mitigation Techniques for Word Representations

Visualization of Embedding Representations for deBiasingsystem (“VERB”) is an open-source web-based visualization tool that helps the users gain a technical understanding and visual intuition of debiasing techniques . VERB decomposes each technique into interpretable sequences ofprimitive transformations and highlights their effect on the word vectors usingdimensionality reduction and interactive visual exploration .…

A Multi Stage Stochastic Programming Approach to Epidemic Resource Allocation with Equity Considerations

Existing compartmental models in epidemiology are limited in terms ofoptimizing the resource allocation to control an epidemic outbreak underdisease growth uncertainty . The proposed multi-stage stochastic program involves various disease growth scenarios and optimizes the distribution oftreatment centers and resources while minimizing the total expected number of infections and funerals .…